Don’t Believe the Myths Learn the Truth about Bariatric Surgery
What do you think of when you hear the words bariatric surgery? If too many complications or everyone regains all their way back comes to mind. Then you haven’t taken a close look at bariatric surgery outcomes in the last decade.
It’s true and its early days bariatric surgery was not commonly performed or accepted it was performed through large incisions and complication rates were higher. In the last 20 years though a lot has changed. Bariatric surgery is safe in fact bariatric surgery is now as safe as gallbladder surgery, hip replacement and hysterectomy. With a mortality rate of 0.2% which is far lower than most other elective operations performed.
Today speaking of mortality
We also know that people with obesity have a shorter life span than people who are not obese. A middle-aged man with a BMI of 40 is expected to die seven years earlier than someone who is normal weight. If your BMI is 55 your life will likely be 14 years shorter.
For comparison these are the same early mortality rates seen with normal weight people who are actively smoking. Why people with obesity died early. Because obesity causes them to develop heart disease, diabetes and cancer more frequently than non-obese people.
on the other hand increases life expectancy compared with obese patients who do not have surgery bariatric surgery. Patients can expect to live thirty to forty percent longer. Why because weight loss and metabolic improvements after bariatric surgery make the risk of heart disease diabetes progression and cancer decreased dramatically.
In most patient’s current procedures do not cause malnutrition. The two most commonly performed bariatric surgeries today are sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass. Both are done laparoscopically with complication rates less than 5% and an average hospital stay of one to two days.
Both procedures are effective and durable. One year after surgery and a typical patient the average weight loss is 80 to 100 pounds for sleeve gastrectomy and 100 to 150 pounds after gastric bypass.
Patients need to take lifelong vitamins after both procedures. These are not Malleable active operations that caused severe nutritional deficiencies. In fact, bariatric surgery patients continue to absorb every calorie and every gram of protein that they eat.
They eat a regular healthy diet and smaller amounts and have normal bowel habits after these operations. Most patients do not regain all of their weight. Some weight gain is normal in the long run but only 10 to 15 percent of patients regain a lot of weight.
Years after surgery remember we’re talking about chronic condition here and we’ve dramatically changed the trajectory of the disease. Most patients don’t maintain their lowest weight after surgery their body adjusts to a new set point above that and over time a few pounds will come back on again.
Dr Rita Hadley For an appointment call 480-969-4138 Address 2945 S Dobson Rd Mesa, AZ 85202 Hours Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Saturday & Sunday: Closed